The theme, ‘Poverty and Human Dignity’, confronts Christianity in India with questions concerning the poor and their human identity. It must encounter the accusation that Christianity exploits the poor for its own ends, neglects their identity and alienates them from the cultural set-up of India. "Could Christianity contribute in some part to the liberation and the empowering of the poor in realizing their human dignity?" (Prof. Dr. Elmar Llinger, University of Wurzburg, Germany). "Mankind is at crossroads. It has to make the choice between the law of the jungle and the law of humanity.